Database Connectivity

Databases are a widely used tool for carrying valuable business data. To enable integration with a variety of enterprise databases, DataRobot provides a “self-service” JDBC platform for database connectivity setup. Once configured, you can read data from production databases for model building and predictions. This allows you to quickly train and retrain models on that data, and avoids the unnecessary step of exporting data from your enterprise database to a CSV for ingest to DataRobot. It allows access to more diverse data, which results in more accurate models.

The steps describing how to set up your database connections use the following terminology:

  • DataStore: A configured connection to a database— it has a name, a specified driver, and a JDBC URL. You can register data stores with DataRobot for ease of re-use. A data store has one connector but can have many data sources.
  • DataSource: A configured connection to the backing data store (the location of data within a given endpoint). A data source specifies, via SQL query or selected table and schema data, which data to extract from the data store to use for modeling or predictions. A data source has one data store and one connector but can have many datasets.
  • DataDriver: The software that allows the DataRobot application to interact with a database; each data store is associated with one driver (created the admin). The driver configuration saves the storage location in DataRobot of the JAR file and any additional dependency files associated with the driver.
  • Dataset: Data, a file or the content of a data source, at a particular point in time. A data source can produce multiple datasets; a dataset has exactly one data source.

The expected workflow when setting up projects or prediction datasets is:

  1. The administrator sets up a datarobot.DataDriver for accessing a particular database. For any particular driver, this setup is done once for the entire system and then the resulting driver is used by all users.
  2. Users create a datarobot.DataStore which represents an interface to a particular database, using that driver.
  3. Users create a datarobot.DataSource representing a particular set of data to be extracted from the DataStore.
  4. Users create projects and prediction datasets from a DataSource.

Besides the described workflow for creating projects and prediction datasets, users can manage their DataStores and DataSources and admins can manage Drivers by listing, retrieving, updating and deleting existing instances.

Cloud users: This feature is turned off by default. To enable the feature, contact your CFDS or DataRobot Support.

Creating Drivers

The admin should specify class_name, the name of the Java class in the Java archive which implements the java.sql.Driver interface; canonical_name, a user-friendly name for resulting driver to display in the API and the GUI; and files, a list of local files which contain the driver.

>>> import datarobot as dr
>>> driver = dr.DataDriver.create(
...     class_name='org.postgresql.Driver',
...     canonical_name='PostgreSQL',
...     files=['/tmp/postgresql-42.2.2.jar']
... )
>>> driver
DataDriver('PostgreSQL')

Creating DataStores

After the admin has created drivers, any user can use them for DataStore creation. A DataStore represents a JDBC database. When creating them, users should specify type, which currently must be jdbc; canonical_name, a user-friendly name to display in the API and GUI for the DataStore; driver_id, the id of the driver to use to connect to the database; and jdbc_url, the full URL specifying the database connection settings like database type, server address, port, and database name.

>>> import datarobot as dr
>>> data_store = dr.DataStore.create(
...     data_store_type='jdbc',
...     canonical_name='Demo DB',
...     driver_id='5a6af02eb15372000117c040',
...     jdbc_url='jdbc:postgresql://my.db.address.org:5432/perftest'
... )
>>> data_store
DataStore('Demo DB')
>>> data_store.test(username='username', password='password')
{'message': 'Connection successful'}

Creating DataSources

Once users have a DataStore, they can can query datasets via the DataSource entity, which represents a query. When creating a DataSource, users first create a datarobot.DataSourceParameter object from a DataStore’s id and a query, and then create the DataSource with a type, currently always jdbc; a canonical_name, the user-friendly name to display in the API and GUI, and params, the DataSourceParameter object.

>>> import datarobot as dr
>>> params = dr.DataSourceParameters(
...     data_store_id='5a8ac90b07a57a0001be501e',
...     query='SELECT * FROM airlines10mb WHERE "Year" >= 1995;'
... )
>>> data_source = dr.DataSource.create(
...     data_source_type='jdbc',
...     canonical_name='airlines stats after 1995',
...     params=params
... )
>>> data_source
DataSource('airlines stats after 1995')

Creating Projects

Given a DataSource, users can create new projects from it.

>>> import datarobot as dr
>>> project = dr.Project.create_from_data_source(
...     data_source_id='5ae6eee9962d740dd7b86886',
...     username='username',
...     password='password'
... )

Creating Predictions

Given a DataSource, new prediction datasets can be created for any project.

>>> import datarobot as dr
>>> project = dr.Project.get('5ae6f296962d740dd7b86887')
>>> prediction_dataset = project.upload_dataset_from_data_source(
...     data_source_id='5ae6eee9962d740dd7b86886',
...     username='username',
...     password='password'
... )